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Emigrants & Emigration

Lists and Documents

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home.gif (868 bytes)   Emslanders to the American Mid-West
 

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Emigration index at the Staatsarchiv in Osnabrueck
All persons intending to emigrate from Hannover were supposed to apply for state permission before departing for America but this was not strictly enforced until Hannover became part of Prussia in 1866. As a result, there is no way of knowing how many persons did emigrate but certainly it was much greater than the number of official departures would indicate. Information about emigrants who did apply for state permission to leave that part of Hannover or Prussia now known as Emsland can be found in a series of books located on the shelves of the reading room of the Staatsarchiv in Osnabrueck. This series of books is divided first by Amt (district or county) and then each Amt is divided by Kirchspiel (parish.) Within each Kirchspiel the emigrants are listed alphabetically, with each emigrant's entry containing information in at least some of the following categories:
  1. Name, Place
  2. Date of birth resp. age
  3. Profession
  4. Name of parents
  5. Accompanying family with indication of relationship
  6. Religious denomination
  7. Destination (city, country)
  8. Date of emigration (or issue of ID-card, consensus, departure etc.)
  9. Assets
  10. Remarks (reason for emigration etc.) and reference numbers to original documentation

GebkenApplication2.jpg (24802 bytes)

The amount of information varies from one entry to another. This example, for would-be emigrant Johann Hermann Gebken, has his year and place of birth - 1838, in the village of Breddenberg, in the parish of Boerger, in the district/county of Huemmling. He intended to travel alone to North America. Item #10 states that "Several cousins and an uncle are living in America. Application rejected due to military service obligation." Johan Herman also had another entry in the index which had less information overall but included his intended year of emigration - item #10 reading "Application rejected on August 12, 1859 as per 4 of April 30.1859". Nevertheless, Johan Herman Gebken (his website entry) did manage to depart Hannover and was married on June 19, 1860 in St Louis, MO to another emigrant from Boerger. He has not yet been found on any passenger list and it is suspected he traveled under a different name. (The above image of J H Gebken's entry, it's translation and the listing of categories are courtesy of Ulrike Toebben.)

Item #10 on each emigrant's entry includes at least one reference to the original documentation from which the information in the entry was taken. We have two images of such documentaion. One is for emigrant Johan Beckel and the other for emigrant Johan Gerhard Otten and his family, both courtesy of Jack Martens.

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Emigrants with entries found on this website, alphabetical by surname
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Surname Index


Comments or additional information concerning
emigrants listed on this website can be sent to Barbara Salibi.
Contact info is at the bottom of Home page.